INVESTE IHA SETÓR PRODUTIVU ATU DIVERSIFIKA EKONOMÍA NO SOLUSIONA DEZEMPREGU BA JOVEN SIRA

(Tetum version)

Joven balu iha Timor-Leste, liuliu sira ne’ebé hela iha munisípiu sira laos iha Dili, tenke kria servisu ba sira-nia an rasik tamba sira labele hetan servisu ho fasil. Uza rekursu hirak ne’ebé sira iha hanesan rai no to’os, Joven sira hala’o atividade  iha agrikultura no setór produtivu sira seluk hodi hetan rendimentu. Maske nune’e, joven sira ne’e difisil atu habelar sira atividade negósiu tamba sira menus abilidade no kapasidade finanseiru hodi jere sira-nia negósiu. Alumni Parlamentu Foinsa’e Timor-Leste (APFTL), ho apoiu hosi OXFAM iha Timor-Leste no finansía hosi programa Australia’s Governance for Development (GfD), fasilita ona prosesu ida atu liga joven sira ne’e, feto sira no grupu ema ho defisiensia ho governu no husu governu atu apoia sira ne’ebé hakarak harii negósiu iha agrikultura no setór produtivu sira seluk. Apoiu ida ne’e sei tulun diversifika ekonomía no redus dezempregu ba joven sira.

Joven ida hosi joven nain tolu ne’ebé buka servisu labele hetan servisu (Monash, 2020). Situasaun ida ne’e sai aat liu bainhira pandemia Covid-19 tama mai nasaun ne’e no 49% hosi empreza médiu no kiik sira tenke taka sira-nia negósiu (The Asia Foundation 2020). Ho ida ne’e, joven sira iha munisipiu tenke kria rasik servisu liuhusi ativitidade agrikultura, ortikultura no hakiak animal.  Maske nune’e, sira hasoru difikuldade atu harii sira-nia negósiu rasik tamba menus kapasidade iha jestaun finanseiru no negósiu, ho tan bareira sira seluk. Zaulino Gomes, prezidente APFTL hatete “iha joven barak mak hala’o hela atividade iha agrikultura no setór produtivu sira seluk; maibé, sira presiza governu nia apoiu hodi haforsa no hadi’a sira-nia negósiu no promove sira-nia produtu sira”.

Atu husu governu nia apoiu, APFTL fasilita no mobiliza ona foinsa’e sira inklui feto no ema ho defisiensia sira ne’ebé hala’o hela atividade iha agrikultura no setór produtivu sira seluk. Sira organiza espozisaun ida kona-bá “Joven iha setór privadu” iha fulan Marsu tinan 2020 iha Gleno, munisipiu Ermera no halibur foinsa’e sira ne’ebé hala’o atividade iha agrikultura no setór produtivu sira atu hatudu sira-nia produtu agríkula no produtu sira seluk.  APFTL mos konvida reprezentante governu relevante sira inklui Ministru Turismu, Komersiu no Industria (MTCI), Ministériu Agrikultura no Peska (MAP), Sekretariadu Estadu Koperativa (SEK), no Sekretariadu Estadu Juventude no Desportu (SEJD) atu observa joven sira nia atividade negósiu, no atu fasilita diskusaun aberta/nakloke ida ne’ebé premite foinsa’e sira atu hato’o sira-nia problema, dezafiu no bareira sira direitamente ba membru governu sira. Foinsa’e sira ne’e tau hamutuk sira-nia hanoin no rekomendasaun iha deklarasaun ida hanaran “Deklarasaun Gleno” no aprezenta ba governu ho esperansa katak governu sei konsidera iha ninia planu orsamental. Sira-nia rekomendasaun inklui husu ba governu atu enkoraja no fasilita grupu foinsa’e sira ne’ebe servisu iha setór produtivu sira atu asesu ba imprestimu ho funan ki’ik, fornese formasaun kona-bá planu negósiu, fó asesu ba informasaun kona-bá oinsá atu rejistu sira-nia grupu negósiu, no fornese ekipamentu ne’ebé sei tulun sira atu avalia kualidade produtu antes fa’an iha merkadu, nsst.

APFTL mós fasilita ona joven sira atu hato’o sira-nia mensajen liuhusi programa debate televizivu (TV talk-show) no konferensia imprensa balu. Foin lalais ne’e sira organiza espozisaun kona-bá “Foinsa’e iha setór produtivu” ba daruak iha munisipiu Dili, konvida joven sira hosi Dili, Baucau, Aileu, Ainaro no Ermera atu promove sira-nia produtu no atu halo diskusaun aberta/nakloke ida ho reprezentante governu relevante sira. “Atividade sira ne’e nia objetivu atu bolu governu nia atensaun hodi investe iha setór privadu ho seriedade hodi diversifika ekonomía no atu hamenus problema dezempregu ba joven sira”.

Zaulino rekoñese katak governu hahú tau atensaun ona ba problema joven sira nian hafoin sira hato’o sira-nia mensajen. Hanesan ezemplu, MTCI hahú fornese ona imprestimu US$ 5,000 ba foinsa’e sira ho funan 3%. “Governu buka ona solusaun ba problema balu no ba problema sira ne’ebé seidauk responde, ami sei kontinua hato’o ba governu”, dehan Zaulino.

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(English version)

Some young people in Timor-Leste, especially those in municipalities outside Dili, must create jobs for themselves as they cannot find jobs easily. Using resources that they have such as land and farms, they undertake activities in agriculture and other productive sectors to generate income. However, these young people find it difficult to expand their business activities as they lack the skills and financial capacity to manage their business. Timor-Leste’s National Youth Parliament Alumni Alumni Parlamenu Foinsa’e Timor-Leste (Tetum acronym APFTL), with support from OXFAM in Timor-Leste and funded by Australia’s Governance for Development (GfD) program, facilitated a process to link these young people, women and peoples with disabilities groups with the government and call for the government to support them wanting to grow their businesses in agriculture and other productive sectors. This support will help to diversify the economy and reduce youth unemployment.

One in three young people who are seeking work cannot find a job (Monash, 2020). This situation was made worse when the COVID-19 pandemic hit the country and 49% of medium and small enterprises had to close their businesses (The Asia Foundation 2020). As a result, young people in municipalities have had to create their own jobs by undertaking activities in agriculture, horticulture and livestock. However, they find it difficult to grow their business due to a lack of capacity in financial and business management, along with other barriers. Zaulino Gomes, the President of APFTL said “there are many young people who are doing activities in agriculture and other productive sectors; however, they need Government support to strengthen and improve their business and promote their products”.

Calling for government support, APFTL facilitated and mobilized young people including women and people with disabilities, who are already undertaking activities in agriculture and other productive sectors. They organised an expo on “Youth in the productive sector” in March 2020 in Gleno, Ermera municipality and gathered young people who undertake activities in agriculture and productive sectors to showcase their agricultural and other products. APFTL also invited relevant government representatives including the Minister of Tourism, Commerce, and Industry (MTCI), Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF), Secretary of State for Cooperatives (SSC) and Secretary of State for Youth and Sports (SSYS) to observe young people’s business activities, and to facilitate an open discussion that enabled young people to directly convey their issues, challenges and barriers to the Government members. These young people gathered all their inputs and recommendations in a declaration called the “Gleno declaration” and presented it to the government with the hope that the government will consider it in their program budgeting plan. Their recommendations include asking the government to encourage and facilitate groups of young people working in the productive sector to access loans with low interest rates, provide business plan training, give access to information on how to register their group’s business, and provide equipment that will help them to assess the quality of the product before selling to the market, etc.

APFTL also facilitated young people to convey their messages through several TV talk-show programs and press conferences. They recently organised a second expo on youth in the productive sector in the municipality of Dili, bringing young people from Dili, Baucau, Aileu, Ainaro and Ermera to showcase their products and to have an open discussion with relevant government representatives. “These activities aim to call on the government to seriously invest in the productive sector in order to diversify the economy and to reduce the issue of youth unemployment”.

Zaulino recognises that the government has started paying attention to youth issues after the young people conveyed their messages. For example, MTCI started providing US$5,000 loans to young people with 3% interest. “Government has addressed a few problems and for those issues that have not been responded, we will continue to convey to the government,” said Zaulino.

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